Beethoven. You could be saying that I’m really trying to tick off the famous “great Three B’s” first. How creative of me.
Well, while the general consensus doesn’t get everything right, there’s a reason why the three B’s are so important. And in any case, I probably wasn’t mean to be a rebel to tell the establishment they got it all wrong.
Back to Ludwig van. I’ve been a fan, like forever (excuse me for sounding like an over-excited American teenager). The symphonies I can never never never get bored with (except, as already mentioned before, the ninth, which somehow escapes me). His piano sonatas are amazing and cover his entire spectrum from something that sounds like young Haydn (and were not surprisingly his op. 2) to the extremely well-known sonatas in his middle period, many of which got their reputation due to their nickname (from Mondschein to Apassionata), to the late works (op. 109 to 111) which are anything but immediately accessible for the average listener, including me.
But let me talk about the Diabelli variations today. They are probably not as well known as their famous variations older brother (Bach’s Goldberg), but still are seen by most experts as an absolutely masterpiece. And let me admit: until recently, I just never “got” them. I tried again and again with the small handful of versions I had (including Brendel nevertheless), and nothing ever stuck, I just never really fell in love.
Until recently. Two and a half versions (I was tempted to do a Charlie Sheen joke here) of this, and very repeated listening, changed my mind.
The first version, is the one I kind of called 1.5. To be fair, they are two, but both played by the same pianist and on the same album. Andras Schiff, the great Hungarian pianist, recorded the Diabelli-Variations twice, for ECM (yes, I know, ECM again...)
Disc 1 (if in the times of computer audio it still makes sense to speak of discs) contains a recording on a 1921 Bechstein grand. This version really opened my eyes for the beauty of the Diabellis.
Disc 2 contains the same piece again, played this time on a fortepiano from Beethoven’s time. I recently started enjoying the fortepiano more and more (thanks to great pianists like Roland Brautigam, Kristian Bezuidenhout), as not only “it sounds like Beethoven would have heard it” (if he wouldn’t have been deaf by the time this was composed), but also it gives a totally different degree of transparency.
But when we get to the fortepiano, there is another version I prefer even more, from an artist with pretty much the same first name: Andreas Staier on Harmonia Mundi. Andreas Staier is a German fortepiano and harpsichord player, and I have yet to find any recording of him that seriously disappointed me.
This has been recommended by several people I usually trust well. But because of my scepticism until recently regarding the Diabellis, I only got this version some weeks ago. What a mistake. It is just amazing.
Luckily for us, both versions are also very well recorded (you can usually trust both ECM and Harmonia Mundi to get that part right), and are available as high-res downloads.
Check both out, you won’t be disappointed.
P.S: I just discovered this interesting article from Nick van Bloss describing his recording the Diabellis on Gramophone’s blog. I haven’t checked out his album yet, but his description and approach are certainly worth reading.
P.P.S. If you prefer a modern piano reading, read my addendum I just published.
P.P.P.S. Gramophone also likes Staier, but has yet another alternative
P.P.P.P.S: Igor Levit has recorded another outstanding alternative on a modern piano.
Please let me know if I missed any good version out there, I can certainly live with more!
16 thoughts on “Beethoven: Diabelli-Variations – an acquired taste?”
Speaking of Schiff and ECM – have you listened at all to his new Schubert on fortepiano (Gramophone Recording of the Month for June)?
It was on my purchase list, downloading it now in 24/96 from Qobuz. Will report back.
Hello friends, good article and good arguments commented here, I am
in fact enjoying by these.
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Thanks for the nice feedback!
The Variations are definitely an acquired taste. I recommend Katchen’s recording to newcomers if they can get their hands on the original LP or a homemade digitization that circulated online. It’s as pianistically thrilling as Chopin or Rachmaninoff, and can serve as a gateway recording to the skeptical. The CD transfer kills Katchen’s sonic edge, and should be avoided. Schiff’s piano performance has a singular virtue: in Var. 12, second half, he intones the rising G, a detail ignored by at least 130 pianists. The G will become the C that “grounds” the final cadence, pinning down the school of fish. I often turn to Sokolov’s extreme version to support my analytical theories about the work. For example: https://wp.me/p3ITwH-6U and https://youtu.be/A-D41LIO_P4 and finally https://wp.me/p3ITwH-5j
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Thanks Max for your feedback. I hadn’t yet tried Katchen (who’s complete Brahms box I love) nor Sokolov yet. Will check them out!